Carissa carandas is a dichotomously branched large shrub or small tree, with strong, simple or forked thorns in pairs. The plant attain a height of 10-15ft. It is met with throughout India, Burma, Ceylon and Malacca, mostly on sandy or rocky soil in a wild state. Leaves are evergreen, elliptic, or oval, opposite, dark green, leathery, glossy, on the upper surface, light green on under side.It is sometimes cultivated for its fruit. The fruit is small and ellipsoid, 0.5 - 1 in. long, turning from green to red and finally to black, and shiny when ripe. Seed are 2-8 in no., flat, brown, in colour.